Sustainability in Agriculture and Organic Farming

Organic agriculture is a form of controlled and certified agricultural production that does not harm human health and the environment and does not use chemical inputs in production, from production to consumption. It is a production method that aims to protect vital resources such as air and water and natural life by preserving the natural balance.

We can list the main objectives of organic agriculture as follows:

-Making resource use planning for the protection and development of natural (soil, water and plant) resources in agricultural production, establishing a continuous information and monitoring system for this. Developing training programs for farmers for soil conservation and heat treatment

-Efforts are made to protect and use plant genetic resources more effectively for sustainable agriculture.

-Efforts are made to effectively conserve and use animal genetic resources for sustainable agriculture.

-Making pest control and control methods more environmentally friendly in agriculture 

-Developing and promoting more environmentally friendly plant nutrition methods in plant production

-Developing training and dissemination projects of production technologies developed and applied for this purpose by disseminating organic agriculture programs and practices.

In our world, which has entered a new century, concerns about the future have begun to be experienced more intensely. The rapid increase in the world population and the fact that many researches about the future are made bring to our minds the question whether we will be able to produce enough nutrients to feed so many people in the future. The results of most of the researches show that a development that cannot be sustained with intensive agricultural production programs has been approached to the threshold. As a result, we are now faced with the necessity of increasing agricultural production without harming the nature. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to develop sustainable farming techniques that minimize erosion, salinization of the soil, pollution of water resources and other damages. While both developed and developing countries are looking for ways to increase food production, they are faced with the necessity of developing new methods that will secure the natural resources used in agriculture.

Since the most important goal of organic agriculture is the protection of human health; It is necessary to know whether the production is made with organic methods in real terms. In organic agriculture, there is no need for large investments for irrigation, energy and external inputs, but investment is required for production, especially with emphasis on education and research. For this reason, the emergence or review of organic agricultural policies is important in terms of improving food security and creating a sustainable agriculture, especially in marginal areas.

As a result, today, sustainable agriculture is an extremely important concept in terms of creating a society that meets its needs without endangering future generations. Protecting soil and water resources, protecting natural resources, combating erosion and forest fires, ensuring biological diversity, integrated pesticide management, increasing the productivity of our agricultural lands by using appropriate cultivation techniques, and organic agriculture, which has become more and more important in recent years, is important for sustainable life and a sustainable agriculture. emerges as a necessity.